Monday, June 29, 2020

Nigeria States and Capital and their Slogans 2020
Nigeria consists 36 states, which are together given below in this article. Nigeria is an African country with the largest population of black in the world. The name "Nigeria" was coined by Flora Luggard in the year 1889.

If you are one of those searching for: Nigerian States and their Slogans List of state and their slogan; Nigerian states capitals slogans and governors; Current Nigerian states capitals slogans and governor; 36 states in Nigeria and their capital;  Nigerian States and their governors; States and their mottos.

Formation of the 36 states in Nigeria

Nigeria was divided into 12 states by Gen. Yakubu Gowon on May 27, 1967.

General Murtala Mohammed divided Nigeria into 19 states on Feb 3, 1976.

General Ibrahim Babaginda gave Nigeria a 24 state structure on Sept 17, 1987.

On August 27, 1991, General Ibrahim Babaginda increased Nigeria's structures to 30.

On Oct 1, 1996, General Sani Abacha gave Nigeria its present 36 state structure.
Nigeria states slogan, and capital

Nigeria States And Their Slogan

Read also: Nigerian Current Affairs for Job Interviews


ABIA STATE                               UMUAHIA                                 God's own state

ADAMAWA STATE                   YOLA                    Land of beauty

AKWA IBOM STATE                  UYO  Land of promise

ANAMBRA STATE                     AWKA  Home for all

BAUCHI STATE         BAUCHI   Pearl of tourisms

BAYELSA STATE               YENAGOA   Pride of the nation

BENUE STATE        MAKURDI                  Food basket of the nation

BORNO STATE         MAIDUGURI   Home of peace

CROSS RIVER STATE         CALABAR     The people's paradise

DELTA STATE           ASABA   The big heart

EBONYI STATE             ABAKALIKI    The salt of the nation

EDO STATE               BENIN CITY    The heart beat

EKITI STATE           ADOO-EKITI     Fountain of knowledge

ENUGU STATE         ENUGU     Coal city state

GOMBE STATE         GOMBE     Jewel of the savannah

IMO STATE          OWERRI     Eastern heart land

JIGAWA STATE          DUTSE     The new world

KADUNA STATE          KADUNA     Centre of Education

KANO STATE               KANO     Centre of commerce

KATSINA STATE          KATSINA    State of hospitality

KEBBI STATE          BIRNI KEBBI    Land of equity

KOGI STATE            LOKOJA     The confluence state

KWARA STATE         ILORIN     State of harmony

LAGOS STATE         IKEJA     Centre of excellence

NASARAWA STATE         LAFIA      The home of solid minerals

NIGER STATE         MINNA         The power state

OGUN STATE         ABEOKUTA          The gateway state

ONDO STATE         AKURE         The sunshine state

OSUN STATE         OSOGBO          State of living spring

OYO STATE         IBADAN          The pace setter state

PLATEAU STATE         JOS          Home of peace and tourism

RIVERS STATE        PORT HARCOURT          Treasure base of the nation

SOKOTO STATE        SOKOTO           Seat of the caliphate

TARABA STATE        JALINGO         Nature's gift to the nation

YOBE STATE        DAMATURU           Pride of the Sahel

ZAMFARA STATE        GUASAU           Farming is our pride

FCT          ABUJA            Centre of unity


Are you interested in knowing the current governors of the 36 states in Nigeria, then scroll down to find out more exciting information. The term of a Governor is 4 years.

ABIA STATE                               UMUAHIA                                 Gov. Ikpeazu

ADAMAWA STATE                   YOLA                    Gov. Ahmadu Umaru Fintiri

AKWA IBOM STATE                  UYO  Gov. Emmanuel Udom

ANAMBRA STATE                     AWKA Gov. Willie Obiano

BAUCHI STATE         BAUCHI    Gov. Bala Muhammed

BAYELSA STATE               YENAGOA   Gov. Henry Dickson

BENUE STATE        MAKURDI                  Gov.  Samuel Ortom

BORNO STATE         MAIDUGURI   Gov. BabaGana Umara

CROSS RIVER STATE         CALABAR     Gov. Ben Ayade

DELTA STATE           ASABA   Gov. Ifeanyi Okowa

EBONYI STATE             ABAKALIKI   Gov. Dave Uwahi

EDO STATE               BENIN CITY    Gov. Godwin Obaseki

EKITI STATE           ADOO-EKITI     Gov. Kayode Fayemi

ENUGU STATE         ENUGU    Gov. Ifeanyi Ugwuanyi

GOMBE STATE         GOMBE     Gov. Muhammed Inuwa Yahaya

IMO STATE          OWERRI     Gov. Chukwuemeka Ihedioha

JIGAWA STATE          DUTSE     Gov.  Badaru Abubakar

KADUNA STATE          KADUNA     Gov. Nasirr El- Rufai

KANO STATE               KANO      Gov. Umar Ganduje

KATSINA STATE          KATSINA    Gov. Aminu Masari

KEBBI STATE          BIRNI KEBBI    Gov. Atiku Bagudu

KOGI STATE            LOKOJA     Gov.Yahaya Bello

KWARA STATE         ILORIN     Gov. AbdulRahman AbdulRasaq

LAGOS STATE         IKEJA     Gov. Babajide Sanwo-olu

NASARAWA STATE         LAFIA      Gov. Abdullahi Sule

NIGER STATE         MINNA        Gov. Abubakar Sani Bello

OGUN STATE         ABEOKUTA         Gov. Dapo Abiodun

ONDO STATE         AKURE         Gov. Odunayo Akeredolu

OSUN STATE         OSOGBO          Gov. Adegboyega Oyetola

OYO STATE         IBADAN          Gov.Oluwaseyi Makinde

PLATEAU STATE         JOS          Gov. Lanlong

Read also: Nigerian Current Affairs

RIVERS STATE        PORT HARCOURT          Gov. Nyesom Wike

SOKOTO STATE        SOKOTO           Gov. Aminu Tambuwal

TARABA STATE        JALINGO          Gov. Darius Ishaku

YOBE STATE        DAMATURU           Gov. Mai Mala Buni

ZAMFARA STATE        GUASAU          Gov. Bello Matawalle

FCT         ABUJA
11 Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria and Solutions

Causes, Effects and Solution To Unemployment In Nigeria

causes of unemployment in Nigeria
Unemployment in Nigeria

Causes, Effects, Solution and Rate of Unemployment in Nigeria
The causes of unemployment are practically what happen in all sectors.

When considering the causes of unemployment we look at the economic condition and demography of the country.  Developed countries also encountered this problem of unemployment during the early stage of their development.

Read also: Current Affairs in Nigeria

There are major and minor causes of unemployment. But in this article I will be discussing the major causes of unemployment in Nigeria alongside the minor causes.

 Unemployment is a major barrier to fresh graduates and job seekers. I can cowardly say the government aren’t doing anything to calm the situation and resolve the issue.

Read also: Causes of Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria

This is a national crisis and a cause for alarm. (Mind you I never said natural crisis).

Every year Nigeria universities produce thousands of graduates but could only offer hundreds of jobs to the graduates.

A friend of mine who happened to be the best graduating student in his department told about the unappealing first-hand experience he had with his School.

The School publicly promised to award him a job, but till date he hasn’t been given a single job neither has he received the monetary award the school publicly announced.

The unemployment is eating up our country faster than imagined and needs utmost attention of every class of citizens.
I haven’t forgotten why we are here: but it would be wrong of me to neglect other vital information that relate to this topic. So in this topic I will be giving answers to the following search queries:

a)    Causes of unemployment in Nigeria
b)    Effects of Unemployment  in Nigeria
c)    Solution to Unemployment in Nigeria
d)    Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria PDF
e)    Types of Unemployment
f)    Meaning of Unemployment
g)    Unemployment rate in Nigeria

Let’s dive in

Types of Unemployment

Frictional unemployment

This is when employees leave their job to find a better one. It is as a result of dissatisfaction, disguise unemployment. So, what’s my point?
Disguise unemployment: this is when an employee works in a field outside his/her area of expertise.

For example, assuming a certified Engineer who is unable to secure job opt in for a waiter job in a hotel due to the bills, daily upkeep pulling his leg. This is what we call disguise unemployment.

Structural Unemployment

This is when worker’s skills or income requirements no longer match the jobs available resulting to redundancy.
So what are the causes of this economic disease?

Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria

1.    Over-population

It’s nothing strange; you agree with me that Nigeria is over-populated, right? Ok, how does this fit in? Nigeria population is 190 million.

Job opportunities are less than 5000(being euphemistic). This friendly figure means, for every vacant position, there are hundreds of thousands of people competing for it.

Over population has led to fewer job opportunities: with rural-urban migration there’s increase in unemployment in the city.

Read also: Nigeria States and slogans

2.    Poor Supply of Electricity as a cause of unemployment

Entrepreneur says “Punctuality is the sole of business” quote me “Electricity is the fuel of business”.

Nigeria lacks power supply, making a lot of entrepreneurs handicapped and dependent on others to make ends meet. Without power supply, entrepreneurs are handicapped unable to venture into self-business.

This is the large golf between developed and developing countries. Nigeria has failed to provide electricity for the people making indigenous youth dependent. Many local companies which could not cope with the high cost of running electricity plants/generator were forced to fold up and have thrown it workers back to the labour market.

3.    Ignorance as a cause of Unemployment

This is a disease infecting job seekers. Here’s what I mean.
It’s true that there are fewer jobs in Nigeria, but once in a blue moon few job opportunities pops up on the radar screen of some companies. Some suitable job seekers are ignorant of such opportunity making the golden opportunity slip off.
Lack of awareness is a problem to many job seekers: as they fail to understand why they need to be updated about latest/recent job opportunities.
Hi there, don’t make that mistake.

4.    Importation of goods

Nigeria import food stuffs, equipment, machineries that can be produced in Nigeria.
Let’s make this friendly to students who need an essay on this topic.

So what’s Importation?

Importation is simply the process of buying goods from foreign countries and bringing it to our country (Nigeria).
Note: this is a lay man’s definition in order to aid our reading

Now let’s me analyse how it contributes to unemployment. To be factual, Nigeria imports rice, petrol, etc. which can be manufactured in Nigeria because of our fertile land and abundance of crude oil in Nigeria.
How does this fit in?

Producing these goods and services in Nigeria, we need labour; resulting in increase in job opportunities. If Nigeria refines petrol, thousands of job opportunities will be created. Nevertheless, cost of living will be cheaper.

Read also: Updated Nigeria Current Affairs

But, Job seekers also contribute to this unappealing crisis.
You can’t blame the government not until you read this:

5.    Apathy for Agriculture

Apathy is the lack of interest in something.

Many youths don’t want to do anything stressful but want to live an easy life and work in an office where they can be paid one million naira per month. Job seekers neglect the importance of agriculture and it great ability to pull in wealth: they seek white collar job to no avail gives them nothing.

Agriculture is a sector neglected by fresh graduates and job seekers. They detest the picture of working in a farm, rearing animals and growing crops.

It’s quite pleasing to hear that few graduates have grown interest in Agricultural sector. Take my word; you can amass wealth by going into farming.

6.    Poverty

Some graduates are clever and filled with business ideas but are not are not able to implement them because they funds and capitals needed.
Some job seekers are with little or no money. How do you expect them to contribute to the community or implement their ideas? Poverty can only be eradicated if the government do the right thing.
So, what’s the wrong thing they are doing?
A good question to ask; If you are a fan of politics and news, you would be familiar with the wounds Nigeria government is giving to her people.
I can’t continue listing the causes of unemployment without giving honour to this miserable friend of our government: Corruption.

7.    Corruption

This is something you’re expecting in this list, right? Anyway I also couldn’t resist corruption from being on the list because everything listed on this list directly or indirectly fall back to corruption.

Corruption is the bane of development in Nigeria. Nigeria is said to be the 8th most corrupt country in the world. Whoa, we’ve something we rank for.

Nigeria has taken a turn that is difficult back out, public funds which are supposed to be used for creation of job opportunities are being used personal for selfish reasons.

Corruption is now a normal routine: work functions to be carried out by four or five persons are carried out by one or two persons. And the salaries for four or five persons are paid to one or two persons.

Have you heard of ghost workers? This is where names  of non-existent workers are added to the pay roll list and corrupt bosses collect such salaries at the end of the month. It also circles bribery.

8.    Lack of Infrastructures

Infrastructures including: ware house, market, good road, electricity etc. is a threat to producers/manufacturers. The inability of government to provide market for manufactured goods put the producers and entrepreneurs at risk of losing their capital to the whirl wind of destruction.
    In the same vein, lack good road makes transportation of goods costly and difficult. All these considered by entrepreneurs discourage them.

9.    Lack of Investors

Lack of Investors is also part of the causes of unemployment in Nigeria. You are wondering how?
Investors are entrepreneurs who invest into other people’s business ideas to make it a reality and a successful one.

    Investors consider several things before investing into your business ranging from location, environment, labour, business report, including the economics of the country.

No investors will be willing to invest in a corrupt country where corrupt people will swallow their capital and blame a monkey or a snake. LoL.

 It’s obvious of how Nigeria as a country is hostile to potential investors.

10.    Lack of Quality Education

The point listed on “causes of unemployment” are not listed in a certain order but are listed randomly. If it’s by significance, lack of quality education will certainly make it to the top four.
So, how does cause unemployment in Nigeria?

Many graduates come out from Universities and colleges of education with little or nothing to contribute to the society. What do I mean?

Lack of facilities and poor lecturers render poor service to the Undergraduates making them unable to defend their certificates. Universities in Nigeria are known for their theoretical teachings and sermons.

11.    Tribalism and Nepotism

Nepotism!!! This is very common in Nigeria; in one word, it happens in all sectors in Nigeria and government levels from the federal to the local. If you haven’t heard of nepotism: you will be wondering; what’s nepotism?

Nepotism is the act of giving unfair advantages to people you know (relatives, clients) if you are in a position of power, especially giving them jobs.

Tribalism is also the act of discriminating people from other tribes and favouring your tribe’s men. This happens even in the Universities and Polytechnic where admission quota now belongs to indigenes.

12.    Security

This is one of the major causes of business shut down. In any entrepreneur’s plan, security is of essence to them. Many local business men have been thrown into abject poverty, because of the absence of security.
Banks lose a lot of money to cyber-crime; reducing their profit and making them unable to maintain their staffs.
 When discussing the causes of unemployment in Nigeria, we can’t but add this to the list because Nigeria is a victim of insecurity.

Effects of Unemployment in Nigeria

Yes!     I have made a point to the effects and solution to unemployment in Nigeria. As stated above about the importance of security to our country and how it affects some sectors:     I can’t but add:
  • Increase in crime rate

An Idle man is devil’s workshop. On my Facebook page, I wrote a short poem on money and how dangerous it could be. Unemployment makes youth and even elderly ones to resort to illegal ways of making money.
Lack of money makes people murder others just for money. (That’s for another day).
  • It worsens the country’s economic condition

So what’s the solution?


The solutions to unemployment are combinations of the remedies of the causes of unemployment in Nigeria.

1.    Tighten the security
2.    Provision of Infrastructures such as good roads, ware house, market.
3.    Improving the standard off education in Nigeria
4.    Provision of electricity
5.    Encouraging Farming and mechanized farming
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Saturday, June 20, 2020

Biography of Tonto Dikeh, Net Worth, and Family

Background of Tonto Dikeh

Tonto Charity Dikeh was born on the 9th of June 1985 to Mr Sunny Dikeh and Mrs Veronica Dikeh as the third of five children..Tonto Dikeh age in 2020 is 35 years old. She hails from Ikwerre descent in Obio akpor Local Government Area of Rivers State.She was born into a large family – she had seven siblings (five from her mother, and two from her stepmother), and was the third oldest out of them all. Tonto lost her mum when she was 3years old, so her stepmother raised her and her siblings.


She grew up in Port Harcourt and obtained a BSc in petrochemical engineering from the Rivers State University of Science and Technology. She got married to Oladunni Churchill in August 2015. The marriage produced a son; Andre Omodayo Churchill but the couple divorced in 2017.


Tonto Charity Dikeh’s journey in the Nigerian entertainment industry started in 2006 after she took part in a reality Tv show – The Next Movie Star in 2005. Before then, she used to be a car dealer in Port Harcourt.
At some point in her acting career, Amaco Investments featured her with Patience Ozokwor in a music video. It was after the video that she released her music debut with two singles Hi and Itz Ova. After that, a popular Nigerian singer – D’Banj signed her to his record label – DB Records, on the 13th of June 2014. She left DB records in March 2015, because she decided to explore other business ventures.

Following a successful acting career, Dikeh decided to pursue a music career. Prior to that, she was featured in a music video for Amaco Investments, alongside Patience Ozokwor. She made her music debut by releasing the singles "Hi" and "Itz Ova", the latter of which features Snypa. On 13 June 2014, Nigerian singer D'banj signed her to his record label, DB Records. Dikeh announced her departure from DB records in March 2015.

Endorsements of Tonto Dikeh

  • Zikel Cosmetics signed a N100 million deal with Tonto Dikeh as an Ambassador of their makeup brand in Africa on the 23rd of May 2019.
  • She is an Ambassador of Amstel Malt.
  • Tonto is an Ambassador of Sapphire Scents.
  • She is an Ambassador for the largest Chinese Restaurant in Sub Sahara Africa – Silk Road Restaurant.


  1. Tonto was born on 9th June 1985 so she is 34 going on 35 years old.
  2. She lost her mother at a very tender age and was raised by her stepmother along with seven other siblings.
  3. Tonto Dikeh studied petroleum engineering at the Rivers State University of Science and Technology.
  4. The actress popularly called Tontolet became popular after finishing as a runnerup in the reality show The Next Movie Star. Immediately after, producers began casting her in various important movie roles.
  5. Tonto Dikeh got married in 2016 to Olakunle Churchill but the couple separated in 2017.
  6. She acted in a soft porn movie titled Dirty Secrets and faced criticism for it.
  7. Tonto Dikeh has undergone major plastic surgeries for body enhancement.
  8. She allegedly has 58 different tattoos all over her body.
  9. Tonto Dikeh is the first Nigerian celebrity to earn N100 million as a brand ambassador for a makeup brand in Africa when she signed am endorsement deal with Zikel Cosmetics.
  10. She also released some hit songs during her music endeavour featuring popular artistes like Terry G, Solid Star and Dbanj. The later even signed her to his record label.

Awards And Recognitions Of Tonto Dikeh

  • Nominated for BON Awards – 2012
  • Afro Hollywood Awards nominated her for Best Actress (English language film) category – 2012
  • Future Awards Nominee for Actor of the year – 2012
  • Best Actress of the Year at ELOY Awards – 2013
  • Nominee at the City People Movie Award for Best Actress of the Year (English) – 2014
  • Best Actress Award by Peace Ambassador Awards – 2016
  • Nominee for the South-South Progressive awards – 2016
  • Nominated for the GAB Special Recognition Awards in The Arts category – 2016
  • Humanitarian ambassador of the year nominee at the Starrz Awards – 2017
  • Nominated for Her Network Woman of the Year (HNWOTY) Awards – 2018
  • Social Media honours the Tonto Dike Foundation with the Social Good Awards – 2019
  • J-KRUE Awards nominated Tonto Dikeh Foundation for the Humanitarian Foundation of the Year – 2019
  • Award of Excellence for Female Activist of the Year by QOEN – 2019

Friday, June 19, 2020



Wole Soyinka was born Akinwande Oluwole "Wole" Babatunde Soyinka on July 13, 1934, in Abeokuta, near Ibadan in western Nigeria. His father, Samuel Ayodele Soyinka, was a prominent Anglican minister and headmaster. His mother, Grace Eniola Soyinka, who was called "Wild Christian," was a shopkeeper and local activist. As a child, he lived in an Anglican mission compound, learning the Christian teachings of his parents, as well as the Yoruba spiritualism and tribal customs of his grandfather. A precocious and inquisitive child, Wole prompted the adults in his life to warn one another: “He will kill you with his questions.”

SEE ALSO: Biography Of Asiwaju  Bola Ahmed Tinubu


After finishing preparatory university studies in 1954 at Government College in Ibadan, Soyinka moved to England and continued his education at the University of Leeds, where he served as the editor of the school's magazine, The Eagle. He graduated with a bachelor's degree in English literature in 1958. (In 1972 the university awarded him an honorary doctorate).


Upon his return to Nigeria, he founded an acting company and wrote his first important play, A Dance of the Forests (produced 1960; published 1963), for the Nigerian independence celebrations. The play satirizes the fledgling nation by stripping it of romantic legend and by showing that the present is no more a golden age than was the past.

He wrote several plays in a lighter vein, making fun of pompous, Westernized schoolteachers in The Lion and the Jewel (first performed in Ibadan, 1959; published 1963) and mocking the clever preachers of upstart prayer-churches who grow fat on the credulity of their parishioners in The Trials of Brother Jero (performed 1960; published 1963) and Jero’s Metamorphosis (1973). But his more serious plays, such as The Strong Breed (1963), Kongi’s Harvest (opened the first Festival of Negro Arts in Dakar, 1966; published 1967), The Road (1965), From Zia, with Love (1992), and even the parody King Baabu (performed 2001; published 2002), reveal his disregard for African authoritarian leadership and his disillusionment with Nigerian society as a whole.

Other notable plays include Madmen and Specialists (performed 1970; published 1971), Death and the King’s Horseman (1975), and The Beatification of Area Boy (1995). In these and Soyinka’s other dramas, Western elements are skillfully fused with subject matter and dramatic techniques deeply rooted in Yoruba folklore and religion. Symbolism, flashback, and ingenious plotting contribute to a rich dramatic structure. His best works exhibit humour and fine poetic style as well as a gift for irony and satire and for accurately matching the language of his complex characters to their social position and moral qualities.From 1960 to 1964 Soyinka was coeditor of Black Orpheus, an important literary journal. From 1960 onward he taught literature and drama and headed theatre groups at various Nigerian universities, including those of Ibadan, Ife, and Lagos. After winning the Nobel Prize, he also was sought after as a lecturer, and many of his lectures were published—notably the Reith Lectures of 2004, as Climate of Fear (2004).

From 1960 to 1964 Soyinka was coeditor of Black Orpheus, an important literary journal. From 1960 onward he taught literature and drama and headed theatre groups at various Nigerian universities, including those of Ibadan, Ife, and Lagos. After winning the Nobel Prize, he also was sought after as a lecturer, and many of his lectures were published—notably the Reith Lectures of 2004, as Climate of Fear (2004).

See Also: Biography Of Wale Adenuga

Though he considered himself primarily a playwright, Soyinka also wrote novels—The Interpreters (1965) and Season of Anomy (1973)—and several volumes of poetry. The latter include Idanre, and Other Poems (1967) and Poems from Prison (1969; republished as A Shuttle in the Crypt, 1972), published together as Early Poems (1998); Mandela’s Earth and Other Poems (1988); and Samarkand and Other Markets I Have Known (2002). His verse is characterized by a precise command of language and a mastery of lyric, dramatic, and meditative poetic forms. He wrote a good deal of Poems from Prison while he was jailed in 1967–69 for speaking out against the war brought on by the attempted secession of Biafra from Nigeria. The Man Died (1972) is his prose account of his arrest and 22-month imprisonment. Soyinka’s principal critical work is Myth, Literature, and the African World (1976), a collection of essays in which he examines the role of the artist in the light of Yoruba mythology and symbolism. Art, Dialogue, and Outrage (1988) is a work on similar themes of art, culture, and society. He continued to address Africa’s ills and Western responsibility in The Open Sore of a Continent (1996) and The Burden of Memory, the Muse of Forgiveness (1999).

Soyinka was the first black African to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature. An autobiography, Aké: The Years of Childhood, was published in 1981 and followed by the companion pieces Ìsarà: A Voyage Around Essay (1989) and Ibadan: The Penkelemes Years: A Memoir, 1946–1965 (1994). In 2006 he published another memoir, You Must Set Forth at Dawn. In 2005–06 Soyinka served on the Encyclopædia Britannica Editorial Board of Advisors.

Soyinka has long been a proponent of Nigerian democracy. His decades of political activism included periods of imprisonment and exile, and he has founded, headed, or participated in several political groups, including the National Democratic Organization, the National Liberation Council of Nigeria, and Pro-National Conference Organizations (PRONACO). In 2010 Soyinka founded the Democratic Front for a People’s Federation and served as chairman of the party.

In 1994 - The Wole Soyinka Annual Lecture Series was founded in 1994 and "is dedicated to honouring one of Nigeria and Africa's most outstanding and enduring literary icons: Professor Wole Soyinka". 

In 2011 - The African Heritage Research Library and Cultural Centre built a writers' enclave in his honour.

In 2014 - The collection Crucible of the Ages: Essays in Honour of Wole Soyinka at 80, edited by Ivor Agyeman-Duah and Ogochwuku Promise, was published by Bookcraft in Nigeria and Ayebia Clarke Publishing in the UK
In 2018, Henry Louis Gates, Jr tweeted that Nigerian filmmaker and writer, Onyeka Nwelue, visited him in Harvard and was making a documentary film on Wole Soyinka. As part of efforts to mark his 84th birthday, a collectiom of poems titled 84 Delicious Bottles of Wine was published for Wole Soyinka, edited by Onyeka Nwelue and Odega Shawa. Among the notable contributors was Adamu Usman Garko, award winning teenage essayist, poet and writer.
  • 1973: Honorary D.Litt., University of Leeds
  • 1973–74: Overseas Fellow, Churchill College, Cambridge
  • 1983: Elected an Honorary Fellow of the Royal Society of Literature
  • 1983: Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, United States
  • 1986: Nobel Prize for Literature
  • 1986: Agip Prize for Literature
  • 1986: Commander of the Order of the Federal Republic (CFR).
  • 1990: Benson Medal from Royal Society of Literature
  • 1993: Honorary doctorate, Harvard University
  • 2002: Honorary fellowship, SOAS
  • 2005: Honorary doctorate degree, Princeton University
  • 2005: Conferred with the chieftaincy title of the Akinlatun of Egbaland by the Oba Alake of the Egba clan of Yorubaland. Soyinka became a tribal aristocrat by way of this, one vested with the right to use the Yoruba title Oloye as a pre-nominal honorific.
  • 2009: Golden Plate Award of the American Academy of Achievement
  • 2013: Anisfield-Wolf Book Award, Lifetime Achievement, United States
  • 2014: International Humanist Award
  • 2017: Joins the University of Johannesburg, South Africa, as a Distinguished Visiting Professor in the Faculty of Humanities
  • 2017 "Special Prize" of the Europe Theatre Prize
  • 2018, University of Ibadan renamed its arts theater to Wole Soyinka Theatre.
  • 2018: Honorary Doctorate Degree of Letters, Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta (FUNAAB).[77]

Thursday, June 18, 2020



Michael Adeniyi Agbolade Ishola Adenuga was born on the 29th of April, 1953 to Oloye Michael Agbolade Adenuga Snr and Omoba Juliana Oyindamola Adenuga (née Onashile, of Okesopin, Ijebu Igbo), in Ibadan, Oyo State.His father, the Oloye Michael Agbolade Adenuga Sr, was a school teacher while his mother, Omoba Juliana Oyindamola Adenuga was a businesswoman of royal Ijebu descent. It is safe to say that Mike Adenuga inherited his business sense from his mother who was a businesswoman from royal Ijebu descent.

Adenuga  attended Ibadan Grammar School for his secondary school education and proceeded to Comprehensive High School Aiyetoro for his Higher School Certificate. He received his secondary school education at Ibadan Grammar School, Ibadan, and Comprehensive High School, Aiyetoro, for his Higher School Certificate (HSC). He worked as a taxi driver to help fund his university education.[8] He graduated from Northwestern Oklahoma State University and Pace University, New York, with degrees in Business Administration.


Mike Adenuga’s career path was not an easy one as one would think. The billionaire started out as a taxi driver in New York hustling to pay for his university tuition. At some point, he sold soft drinks and lace material. For Mike Adenuga, once the business is legal and he understands it and it can generate revenue, he is good to go.We can say that fate smiled on Mike. He was one of the beneficiaries of the new policy made by Professor Jubril Aminu, the oil minister during Babangida’s regime. The policy allowed individuals to engage in the business of oil exploitation and exploration. 
In 1990, he received a drilling license and in 1991, his Consolidated Oil struck oil in the shallow waters of Southwestern Ondo State, the first indigenous oil company to do so in commercial quantity.
He was issued a conditional GSM licence in 1999; after it was revoked he received a second one when the government held another auction in 2003. His telecom company Globacom spread quickly and started challenging the giant MTN Group. It launched services in Benin in 2008, and has continued its spread across Ghana and Côte d'Ivoire, with more licences currently being prospected in other West African countries.

SEE ALSO:- Biography of Wole Soyinka

He was named African Entrepreneur of The Year at the first African Telecoms Awards (ATA) in August 2007.
In 2009, Adenuga was detained for money laundering by the Economic and Financial Crimes Commission. He subsequently left the country and lived in London until the Umaru Musa Yar'Adua regime granted him a pardon.
In May 2015, Adenuga made a takeover bid to purchase Ivorian mobile telecom's operator Comium Côte d'Ivoire for $600 million.
In June 2016, it was revealed that Adenuga was being pursued for a combined debt of US$140.5 million, after his company ConOil failed to pay debts owed to, among others, the French oil giant Total. Bellbop, another company owned by Adenuga, had an interim injunction placed on it by the High Court in Lagos, after it too failed to pay the $9.4 million owed to the US oil and gas firm Baker Hughes.


1. Grand Commander of the Order of the Niger - In 2012, by the government of Nigeria.

2. He held a Yoruba tribal chieftaincy as the Otunba Apesin of the Ijebu clan.

3. He was decorated with the insignia of a
Commander of the Legion of Honour - In 2018, by President Emmanuel Macron of France.

4. African Entrepreneur of The Year at ATA -  2007

5. Companion of the Star of Ghana (CSG)  - 2018

6. 100 distinguished and Eminent Nigerians Centenary Awards -  2018