Sunday, July 12, 2020

10 Places to Visit in Nigeria 2020

 Tourist centres are a great place for having fun and also a great way of generating funds into the national purse. Are you a tourist looking for great places to visit in Nigeria? I have for you 7 great places to visit in Nigeria.

1. Olumo Rock

Olumo rock is one of the most popular destination for tourists in Nigeria. Reason for this is not far-fetched.

Olumo rock is very appealing and full of nature appealing things. Olumo rock is located in Abeokuta, in Ogun State. Abeokuta was named after Olumo rock as it name implies Abeokuta which means “Under the rock”.

Olumo rock has long served as a fortress for the Egba land people from their enemies. There are many other things to see in Olumo rock that you would not love to miss.

 2. Yankari Game Reserve

 Yankari game reserve is one of the most popular destination for tourists in Nigeria.

 You can visit Yankari game reserve without having days to wonder about the wonders you saw there. All roads in Bauchi state leads to Yankari game reserve. This is not film, it is real. Yankari game reserve is a large wildlife park located in the South central part of Bauchi state, in northeastern, Nigeria.

3. Obudu Mountain Resort

This is a great place for vacation, you would really fall in love with nature when you get to the Obudu Mountain Resort. The Obudu Mountain resort was formerly known as Obudu cattle ranch, located on Obudu plateau in Cross River state, Nigeria.

There are many things to get you thinking after your visit such as and not limited to the cable car (this takes tourists up the mountain in order to have a view from the peak of the mountain), outdoor games, Obudu mountain race, waterfalls, and other pleasant things to see.

Visiting the Obudu Mountain resort during the festive season will make your visit to the Obudu Mountain resort awesome, that being said; visit Obudu mountain resort anytime and you will always find it interesting.

But during the festive season, you will get to see a lot of fun things and enjoy your vacation. You would not want to miss this.

4. Zuma Rock

Zuma rock is a large monolith, an igneous intrusion composed of gabbro and grandiorite, that is located in Niger state, Nigeria. If you are opportune to visit Niger state, then make it a point to visit the Zuma rock. And if you are looking for a place to go for a vacation or sightseeing, then you should also consider Zuma rock. Why, I think you should ask me? The thing is there are many fun things that you might either find funny or questionable.

The Zuma rock is known as the rock with a human face. You read that right. The Zuma rock among all fun things has a human face with a prominent eyes, nose and mouth. The Zuma is bigger than the Olumo rock and the Aso rock put together, it is believed by the people of Niger state, that when they die, their spirit goes into the rock. Many other things that you haven’t seen not until you visit Zuma rock.

5. Aso rock

Aso rock is a large outcrop of granitic of Abuja, the captal of Nigeria. It is a 400-metre prominent monolith with a peak height of 9360meter above sea level. The Aso rock is yet another wonderful place to visit in Nigeria for vacation.

 It is one of the most popular destination for tourists in Nigeria especially those on business functions and took the opportunity to check out the rock that gave the Nigeria capital its glory.

There are so many special and unique things that you will find only in Aso rock. Pretty sights of the Supreme court, Aso rock presidential villa, Mountain is something you would not want to miss. And after your visit, you will be left pondering on your happy moments at the Aso rock.

6. Afi Mountain Wildlife

The Afi Mountain wildlife sanctuary is situated in southern Nigeria. This is a reserve where you can find wild animals which you never thought existed. Endangered wildlife can still be found in Afi mountain sanctuary.

It is home to the host of primates which include wonderful species of gorilla and chimpanzee population. And one more thing when travelling to places like this, your camera is the most important gadget to go along with.

7. Kajura castle

Kajura castle is a luxury villa built between the years of 1981 to 1989 at Kaajura village in Kaduna state, Nigeria. It was built by a German expatriate in Nigeria, living in Kaduna at the time. This is also one of the popular destinations of tourists in Nigeria, and the reason is not far-fetched.

There are so many amazing things that cannot be put down in words and only experience can buy that for you. The Kajura castle has a capacity to contain 150 guests. This is a perfect location for honeymoons, pool parties, etc.

8. Eleko beach

Eleko beach opened in 198 as a serene and private beach in the lekki Peninsula, about 30 miles east of the lagos Island. This is a wonderful place to have your vacation, have fun. This is away from the hustles and bustles of Lagos so you can be sure of enjoying your vacation. One of the best time to visit is during the weekday when it is not crowded, unlike weekends. That being said, you would always enjoy the serene environment of the Eleko beach during weekends also.


9. Nike art gallery

Nike Art Gallery is an art gallery in Lags owned by Nike Davies Okundaye. The gallery is the largest of its kind in west Africa. It boasts a collection of about 8,000 diverse artworks from various Nigerian artists.

And this means many art collections waiting for you at the Nite Art Gallery. Whether you are a specialist in the arts, an enthusiast of African arts or merely interested in a brief immersion in a new culture, you will find satisfaction when you visit Nike Art Gallery.

Nike Art Gallery guides and teachers will help make the most of your visit to the Nike Art Gallery, you get a guest house to stay, a guide to help you out and have sight loving art works to see and comment on.

Not taking a camera means you are setting yourself up for regrets, because there are many things and moments that needs to captured on your visit to the Nike Art Gallery. Do not take my word for it, experience will tell this to you better.

10. Erin Ijesha Waterfall

Erin Ijesha waterfalls also known as Olumirin waterfalls is a tourist attraction located in Oriade local government area, Osun State, Nigeria. The waterfalls was discovered in 1140 AD by one of the daughters of Oduduwa.

The walls of the massive rock cleft through which the water flows although in daytime is as dark as the night. Another great attraction at the waterfalls is the Abake village, a rustic enclave located at the top of the collosal ridge. There are many other things to see at the Erin Ijesha water falls, and many exciting things that you would not want to miss. Here you have it. The best ten places to visit in Nigeria.

There are various places to visit in Nigeria, and one might begin to wonder if such places ever existed on earth not to talk of in Nigeria. Yes, the ten places listed in this post are places that will leave you with lasting experience and you might spend days pondering on how wonderful the nature is.

Akinduyo Eniola is a freelance writer and blogger that writes about Nigeria stuffs, from Nigeria current affairs,and other general stuffs. When he is not writing, he is either reading, listening to songs or watching movies.

Monday, June 29, 2020

11 Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria and Solutions

Causes, Effects and Solution To Unemployment In Nigeria


causes of unemployment in Nigeria
Unemployment in Nigeria







Causes, Effects, Solution and Rate of Unemployment in Nigeria
The causes of unemployment are practically what happen in all sectors.

When considering the causes of unemployment we look at the economic condition and demography of the country.  Developed countries also encountered this problem of unemployment during the early stage of their development.

Read also: Current Affairs in Nigeria

There are major and minor causes of unemployment. But in this article I will be discussing the major causes of unemployment in Nigeria alongside the minor causes.

 Unemployment is a major barrier to fresh graduates and job seekers. I can cowardly say the government aren’t doing anything to calm the situation and resolve the issue.

Read also: Causes of Ethnic Conflict in Nigeria

This is a national crisis and a cause for alarm. (Mind you I never said natural crisis).

Every year Nigeria universities produce thousands of graduates but could only offer hundreds of jobs to the graduates.

A friend of mine who happened to be the best graduating student in his department told about the unappealing first-hand experience he had with his School.

The School publicly promised to award him a job, but till date he hasn’t been given a single job neither has he received the monetary award the school publicly announced.

The unemployment is eating up our country faster than imagined and needs utmost attention of every class of citizens.
I haven’t forgotten why we are here: but it would be wrong of me to neglect other vital information that relate to this topic. So in this topic I will be giving answers to the following search queries:

a)    Causes of unemployment in Nigeria
b)    Effects of Unemployment  in Nigeria
c)    Solution to Unemployment in Nigeria
d)    Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria PDF
e)    Types of Unemployment
f)    Meaning of Unemployment
g)    Unemployment rate in Nigeria

Let’s dive in

Types of Unemployment

Frictional unemployment

This is when employees leave their job to find a better one. It is as a result of dissatisfaction, disguise unemployment. So, what’s my point?
Disguise unemployment: this is when an employee works in a field outside his/her area of expertise.

For example, assuming a certified Engineer who is unable to secure job opt in for a waiter job in a hotel due to the bills, daily upkeep pulling his leg. This is what we call disguise unemployment.

Structural Unemployment

This is when worker’s skills or income requirements no longer match the jobs available resulting to redundancy.
So what are the causes of this economic disease?

Causes of Unemployment in Nigeria

1.    Over-population

It’s nothing strange; you agree with me that Nigeria is over-populated, right? Ok, how does this fit in? Nigeria population is 190 million.

Job opportunities are less than 5000(being euphemistic). This friendly figure means, for every vacant position, there are hundreds of thousands of people competing for it.

Over population has led to fewer job opportunities: with rural-urban migration there’s increase in unemployment in the city.

Read also: Nigeria States and slogans

2.    Poor Supply of Electricity as a cause of unemployment

Entrepreneur says “Punctuality is the sole of business” quote me “Electricity is the fuel of business”.

Nigeria lacks power supply, making a lot of entrepreneurs handicapped and dependent on others to make ends meet. Without power supply, entrepreneurs are handicapped unable to venture into self-business.

This is the large golf between developed and developing countries. Nigeria has failed to provide electricity for the people making indigenous youth dependent. Many local companies which could not cope with the high cost of running electricity plants/generator were forced to fold up and have thrown it workers back to the labour market.

3.    Ignorance as a cause of Unemployment

This is a disease infecting job seekers. Here’s what I mean.
It’s true that there are fewer jobs in Nigeria, but once in a blue moon few job opportunities pops up on the radar screen of some companies. Some suitable job seekers are ignorant of such opportunity making the golden opportunity slip off.
Lack of awareness is a problem to many job seekers: as they fail to understand why they need to be updated about latest/recent job opportunities.
Hi there, don’t make that mistake.

4.    Importation of goods

Nigeria import food stuffs, equipment, machineries that can be produced in Nigeria.
Let’s make this friendly to students who need an essay on this topic.

So what’s Importation?

Importation is simply the process of buying goods from foreign countries and bringing it to our country (Nigeria).
Note: this is a lay man’s definition in order to aid our reading

Now let’s me analyse how it contributes to unemployment. To be factual, Nigeria imports rice, petrol, etc. which can be manufactured in Nigeria because of our fertile land and abundance of crude oil in Nigeria.
How does this fit in?

Producing these goods and services in Nigeria, we need labour; resulting in increase in job opportunities. If Nigeria refines petrol, thousands of job opportunities will be created. Nevertheless, cost of living will be cheaper.

Read also: Updated Nigeria Current Affairs

But, Job seekers also contribute to this unappealing crisis.
You can’t blame the government not until you read this:

5.    Apathy for Agriculture

Apathy is the lack of interest in something.

Many youths don’t want to do anything stressful but want to live an easy life and work in an office where they can be paid one million naira per month. Job seekers neglect the importance of agriculture and it great ability to pull in wealth: they seek white collar job to no avail gives them nothing.

Agriculture is a sector neglected by fresh graduates and job seekers. They detest the picture of working in a farm, rearing animals and growing crops.

It’s quite pleasing to hear that few graduates have grown interest in Agricultural sector. Take my word; you can amass wealth by going into farming.

6.    Poverty

Some graduates are clever and filled with business ideas but are not are not able to implement them because they funds and capitals needed.
Some job seekers are with little or no money. How do you expect them to contribute to the community or implement their ideas? Poverty can only be eradicated if the government do the right thing.
So, what’s the wrong thing they are doing?
A good question to ask; If you are a fan of politics and news, you would be familiar with the wounds Nigeria government is giving to her people.
I can’t continue listing the causes of unemployment without giving honour to this miserable friend of our government: Corruption.

7.    Corruption

This is something you’re expecting in this list, right? Anyway I also couldn’t resist corruption from being on the list because everything listed on this list directly or indirectly fall back to corruption.

Corruption is the bane of development in Nigeria. Nigeria is said to be the 8th most corrupt country in the world. Whoa, we’ve something we rank for.

Nigeria has taken a turn that is difficult back out, public funds which are supposed to be used for creation of job opportunities are being used personal for selfish reasons.

Corruption is now a normal routine: work functions to be carried out by four or five persons are carried out by one or two persons. And the salaries for four or five persons are paid to one or two persons.

Have you heard of ghost workers? This is where names  of non-existent workers are added to the pay roll list and corrupt bosses collect such salaries at the end of the month. It also circles bribery.

8.    Lack of Infrastructures

Infrastructures including: ware house, market, good road, electricity etc. is a threat to producers/manufacturers. The inability of government to provide market for manufactured goods put the producers and entrepreneurs at risk of losing their capital to the whirl wind of destruction.
    In the same vein, lack good road makes transportation of goods costly and difficult. All these considered by entrepreneurs discourage them.

9.    Lack of Investors

Lack of Investors is also part of the causes of unemployment in Nigeria. You are wondering how?
Investors are entrepreneurs who invest into other people’s business ideas to make it a reality and a successful one.

    Investors consider several things before investing into your business ranging from location, environment, labour, business report, including the economics of the country.

No investors will be willing to invest in a corrupt country where corrupt people will swallow their capital and blame a monkey or a snake. LoL.

 It’s obvious of how Nigeria as a country is hostile to potential investors.

10.    Lack of Quality Education

The point listed on “causes of unemployment” are not listed in a certain order but are listed randomly. If it’s by significance, lack of quality education will certainly make it to the top four.
So, how does cause unemployment in Nigeria?

Many graduates come out from Universities and colleges of education with little or nothing to contribute to the society. What do I mean?

Lack of facilities and poor lecturers render poor service to the Undergraduates making them unable to defend their certificates. Universities in Nigeria are known for their theoretical teachings and sermons.

11.    Tribalism and Nepotism

Nepotism!!! This is very common in Nigeria; in one word, it happens in all sectors in Nigeria and government levels from the federal to the local. If you haven’t heard of nepotism: you will be wondering; what’s nepotism?

Nepotism is the act of giving unfair advantages to people you know (relatives, clients) if you are in a position of power, especially giving them jobs.

Tribalism is also the act of discriminating people from other tribes and favouring your tribe’s men. This happens even in the Universities and Polytechnic where admission quota now belongs to indigenes.

12.    Security

This is one of the major causes of business shut down. In any entrepreneur’s plan, security is of essence to them. Many local business men have been thrown into abject poverty, because of the absence of security.
Banks lose a lot of money to cyber-crime; reducing their profit and making them unable to maintain their staffs.
 When discussing the causes of unemployment in Nigeria, we can’t but add this to the list because Nigeria is a victim of insecurity.

Effects of Unemployment in Nigeria

Yes!     I have made a point to the effects and solution to unemployment in Nigeria. As stated above about the importance of security to our country and how it affects some sectors:     I can’t but add:
  • Increase in crime rate

An Idle man is devil’s workshop. On my Facebook page, I wrote a short poem on money and how dangerous it could be. Unemployment makes youth and even elderly ones to resort to illegal ways of making money.
Lack of money makes people murder others just for money. (That’s for another day).
  • It worsens the country’s economic condition

So what’s the solution?

SOLUTIONS TO UNEMPLOYMENT IN NIGERIA

The solutions to unemployment are combinations of the remedies of the causes of unemployment in Nigeria.

1.    Tighten the security
2.    Provision of Infrastructures such as good roads, ware house, market.
3.    Improving the standard off education in Nigeria
4.    Provision of electricity
5.    Encouraging Farming and mechanized farming
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